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India has introduced the concept of Unique Identification Number for all its citizens. It will help the government to pass on the appropriate benefits and services in a seamless and efficient manner to them. Such unique number technology can be seen in developed countries like United States of America where it is called Social Security Number. Indian government has also decided to adopt UIN (Unique Identification Technology) to upgrade its old technology and introduce a new age digitised service to boost its development efforts for all its citizens.
Aadhaar is a 12 digit identification number given to every citizen of India based on their biometric and demographic data. The 12 digit number will be unique for every individual. The Aadhaar number is being issued and managed by UIDAI (Unique Identification Authority of India).
Prior to the enactment of the Act, the UIDAI functioned, since 28 January 2009, as an attached office of the Planning Commission (now NITI Aayog). On 3 March, 2016 a money bill was introduced in the Parliament to give legislative backing to Aadhaar. On 11 March, 2016 the Aadhaar Act, 2016, was passed in the Lok Sabha. The Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) was established under the provisions of the Aadhaar Act, 2016 on 12 July, 2016 by the Indian Government.
Aadhaar Card comprises of details about the person enrolled in it. Some details are printed on the card while other are encrypted and stored in a QR code for security purposes and can be accessed only through authorised channels.
Details printed on the card are as follows
Details that are encrypted and stored in database
Aadhaar card will help to control black money in the country when it's linked with the pan card. It will also help in curbing income tax frauds thus, generating money for the government for the development of the country.
Aadhaar card can be used for identity purposes at various government and private institutions. Aadhaar based Direct Benefit Transfer (LPG Subsidy) – Today Aadhaar card can be used effectively to gain LPG subsidy just by linking Aadhaar number to the LPG consumer number.
If you have Aadhaar number it will help expedite the process of getting the passport and you may even get it within 10 days. Also, government has made having Aadhaar card mandatory for all passport subscribers.
There are also plans to link the Aadhaar number with driving license to put a stop to cases of multiple license holders. This will help to further robust the implementation of motor vehicles rules in the country.
Aadhaar card is accepted as a valid government document that can be shown as a residence proof to avail various government and private services.
To avail government subsidy such as food subsidy, school subsidy, kerosene subsidy and schemes like Pahal, Atal Yojana, linking of Aadhaar with the bank account has been made mandatory by the government.
Aadhaar card has also become mandatory if someone wants to open a bank account. Aadhaar and Pan Card have now become the basic requirement for opening a bank account these days.
SEBI has made it mandatory to do KYC of all accounts before they can be opened. Aadhaar number helps you to do e-KYC easily for the application process.
To avoid fraud in pension system the government has made it mandatory for all pensioners to link their Aadhaar number with the pension account in order to receive pension.
Employee Provident Fund Organisation (EPFO) has made Aadhaar number compulsory for PF account holders when submitting an online claim submission.
Existing and new connections have been asked to link their Aadhaar with the phone connection for safety and security measures.
To open Pradan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana account (PMJDY) in bank Aadhaar is the only document requirement to open the account. It makes opening an account very convenient and easy for the people.
Getting an Aadhaar card is very easy. All you need to do is enrol in the Aadhaar system by visiting an enrolment centre near your residence or to any Aadhaar centre anywhere in India. Enrolment in Aadhaar is totally free of cost.
The list of enrolment centres can be searched online by clicking on this link - appointments.uidai.gov.in/easearch.aspx.
You will need to fill the Aadhaar application form providing basic details about yourself like name, age, gender, residential address, etc., and submit supporting document to verification.
A photograph of the applicant will be captured and biometric data will be collected. These details will get stored in the secure UIDAI database.
After completion of your enrolment you will be issued with an acknowledgement slip verifying your enrolment.
In a few days' time the UIDAI system will issue your unique Aadhaar number and card once the verification checks of the documents submitted has been completed.
Aadhaar card dispatch normally takes 60 to 90 days after the enrolment process. You can check your Aadhaar card status here- resident.uidai.gov.in/check-aadhaar-status
Aadhaar Card for Resident Indians - As per the Aadhaar Act, 2016, only an Indian citizen who has resided in India for a duration of 182 days or more in the 12 months immediately preceding the date of application for enrolment.
Aadhaar Card for Minors - UIDAI is issuing Blue Colour Aadhaar (Namely Bal Aadhaar) for children in the age group of 0 to 5 Years. After the age of 5 years, the child will need to get his/her demographic and biometric details updated against same Aadhaar Number by visiting nearest Enrolment Centre.
Aadhaar for Foreigners – Foreigners who are residing in India are eligible to apply for Aadhaar card if they satisfy the period of stay as per the Aadhaar act, 2016.
Proof of identity and proof of address will be required for enrolment. The list of acceptable documents are:
You can also submit the following documents for address proof if the address is not mentioned on the ID card. The below documents should be less than 3 months old.
If you don't have the above proofs, then you can also avail the following documents for proof of ID and address:
Detail list of documents can be accessed from this link - uidai.gov.in/images/commdoc/valid_documents_list.pdf
E-Aadhaar card is a secure digital copy of Aadhaar and has a digital signature of the authorised person or authority of UIDAI.
e-Aadhaar carries the biometric and demographic information of the subscriber. The subscriber can access the information on UIDAI website. Below is the detail list of information available on e-Aadhaar.
Downloading e-Aadhaar is an easy process. Just follow the following steps.
|Step 1||Visit the official website of UIDAI and click on Download Aadhaar|
|Step 2||You will be directed to another page where you will be asked to enter personal details like enrolment id/Aadhaar number, full name and post code|
|Step 3||Click on OPT|
|Step 4||OPT will be generated and sent to your registered mobile number|
|Step 5||Once you enter the OPT, the link to download Aadhaar will be accessible|
|Step 6||Click on Download Aadhaar|
E-Aadhaar offers convenience of downloading the card anytime and from anywhere by just accessing the officially website of UIDAI. Any update or new features on the card will be reflected on the e-Aadhaar card. It helps in reducing frauds, corruption and gives the subscriber access to various benefit schemes from the government.
Demographic update can be done online by going to the official website of UIDAI and clicking on “Aadhaar Update Request Online” and following the instructions. You will need POA documents in order to support and authenticate the update. Alternatively, you can also visit Permanent enrolment centre to do the demographic update of Aadhaar data.
Biometric update about Aadhaar data cannot be done online. For the biometric update you will need to visit the nearest permanent enrolment centre.
UIDAI is Unique Identification Authority of India. It was established under the provisions of the Aadhaar Act, 2016 on 12 July, 2016 by the Indian Government.
Aadhaar VID is a temporary 16 digit number which is mapped with the Aadhaar. It can be used instead of Aadhaar whenever e-KYC services are to be performed. It is not possible to generate Aadhaar number from VID.
To enrol and update for the Aadhaar card, same Aadhaar correction/enrolment form is used. The following details need to be filled when enrolling or correcting details in the system.
For applying for an Aadhaar card proof of identity and address will be required. For complete list of document required visit uidai.gov.in/images/commdoc/valid_documents_list.pdf
To apply for Aadhaar card, you will need to visit permanent enrolment centre near your place. You can find the nearest Aadhaar enrolment centres by visiting the official website of UIDAI. You can click on - appointments.uidai.gov.in/easearch.aspx to find the centre closest to you. You will need to enter information such as state, district and locality to get the right results.
You can get the Aadhaar update or correction status online by logging on to the official website of UIDAI and entering the details of the acknowledgement receipt on the portal.
Duplicate Aadhaar card can be generated by online or offline methods as mentioned below -
Aadhaar card if misplaced or lost can be easily downloaded from the official website of UIDAI and clicking on ‘Download Aadhaar’. All you need to do is follow the process by entering few required details and OTP. After successful verification you will be able to download your duplicate Aadhaar card free of cost.
You will need to visit the nearest permanent enrolment centre. If you know the Aadhaar number or enrolment number you can request for a duplicate Aadhaar there. If not, then the executive will take your biometrics details and retrieve your record from the system and take your request for duplicate Aadhaar card.
You can check the validity status of your Aadhaar card by doing the Aadhaar card verification process online. All you need to do is follow this simple procedure
Step 1 – Visit the official UIDAI website
Step 2 –Under Aadhaar services click on verify Aadhaar Number
Step 3 – You need to enter your Aadhaar number and security code reflected below
Step 4 – You will see the result and know if your Aadhaar number is active or not
Full form of URN is Update Request Number. URN is a 14 digit unique number which is allocated to users who have used the Aadhaar self-services portal to update their Aadhaar card. URN number is required to check the status of the update of Aadhaar card.
Is it possible to link Mobile Number with Aadhar through OTP? What is the procedure to link Mobile Number with Aadhar?
Yes, Telecom Operators in India have started linking of SIM with Aadhar via OTP based authentication. You need to contact your Telecom Service Provider to know more about the process.
Is it necessary to submit Aadhar number in Bank while transaction amount is INR 50,000 or above?
As per Ministry of Finance gazette notification, dated 01/06/17, for all transactions for an amount INR 50,000 or above Aadhar number will be required.
How is Aadhar different from any other identity issued by the government?
Aadhar is basically a paperless, online, anytime-anywhere identity allocated to an Indian Citizen to cover his/her entire lifetime. The verification identity process is done online with the help of verification devices which are connected to UIDAI’s Central Identity Repository based on the data available with UIDAI.
I want to give up my Aadhar card Identification. How and what needs to be done?
Presently there is no Policy to give up Aadhar. However, Aadhar holders can protect their Biometric Authentication as per their requirement by locking or unlocking Biometrics using "Lock/Unlock Biometrics” feature on UIDAI official website.
Can NRIs also get Aadhar number?
As per the Aadhar Act, 2016, only an Indian citizen who has resided in India for a period or periods amounting in all to 182 or more in the 12 months immediately preceding the date of application for enrolment.
Why are Government related schemes asking for Aadhar?
Aadhar helps to filter out duplicates and fakes. It provides accurate data and enables implementation of direct benefit programs. Aadhar technology helps in reducing cost of accurately authenticating persons and delivers transparency in implementation of government schemes
I have received the blue coloured Aadhar card for my child. Is it Valid?
Absolutely, Blue colour Aadhar is valid like other Aadhar. Going by the provisions of the new policy, UIDAI is issuing Blue Colour Aadhar (Namely Bal Aadhar) for children in the age group of 0 to 5 Years. After the age of 5 years, the child will need to get his/her demographic and biometric details updated against same Aadhar Number by visiting nearest Enrolment Centre.
Is it possible to Change Aadhar Card Details?
Yes, the Aadhar details can be changed. But you have to present valid documents that justify the reason for change or correction.
What is E-Aadhar?
E-Aadhaar card is a secure digital copy of Aadhaar and has a digital signature by the authorised person or authority of UIDAI
How to Check the Status of Aadhar Card?
After successful Aadhar card application. You can check the Status of your Aadhar Card online just by visiting the website https://uidai.gov.in/.
How to link Aadhaar Number with PAN?
Aadhaar number can be linked with PAN in two ways
Can I apply for Aadhaar card online?
The Aadhaar request form is available online from the official website of UIDAI. As Aadhaar contains biometrics details of a person it can be done only by visiting a permanent enrolment centre of UIDAI.
How can I take Aadhaar card?
A resident of India can enrol in the process set up by UIDAI at a nearest permanent enrolment centre to get an Aadhaar card.
Can Aadhaar card be made online?
Aadhaar card can be downloaded online only after going through the enrolment process at a permanent enrolment centre.
How to find Aadhaar number?
It is very easy to find Aadhaar number. All you need to do is follow the steps mentioned below
How long is the Aadhaar card valid?
Aadhaar card is valid for life time and does not carry an expiry date.
Are e-Aadhaar and the Aadhaar card the same thing?
Yes, e-Aadhaar and Aadhaar card have the same information but available for convenience on two different platforms- online and offline, respectively.
What should I do if I have lost my Aadhaar card?
If you lose your Aadhaar card you can apply for a duplicate one at the permanent enrolment centre of UIDAI. You can also download the online version of Aadhaar card simply by going to the official website of UIDAI
Can I have more than one Aadhaar card?
No, Aadhaar card is limited to only one per person.
What is Aadhaar authentication and what are its benefits?
The process of verifying the details submitted to CIDR authorities is called Aadhaar authentication process. Biometrics, demographics and other details mentioned in the Aadhaar card helps in knowing the true identity of the person thereby making service delivery more transparent and efficient.
When do I need to authenticate Aadhaar Number?
To ensure there are no frauds in the benefits schemes provided by the government people need to authenticate Aadhaar number.
My mobile number is not registered in Aadhaar, how I can get my mobile number updated in Aadhaar?
You will need to visit the Permanent Enrolment Centre near your, You can change the registered mobile number by visiting the Permanent Enrolment Centre. You will need to present your Aadhaar card at the enrolment centre to get the number changed or updated.
How can I know if my update request has been processed?
Every time you request change in the Aadhaar card, URN number is generated. You can use this number to track the progress of your request.
Is it necessary to link bank account with Aadhaar?
As per the March 2018, Supreme Court’s order of linking of bank account with Aadhaar has been stalled. Hence until further update you don’t have to necessarily link your bank account with Aadhaar.
How to link Aadhaar with your mobile number?
You can link Aadhaar with your mobile number through IVR, OTP or even by visiting your nearest telecom provider's office with your Aadhaar card.
How to link Aadhaar Number with your ration card?
You will need to visit the PDS shop with photocopies of your Aadhaar and ration card. You will be asked to authenticate your identify by fingerprint sensor test to ensure you and your Aadhaar details match.
How to link Aadhaar Number with EPF Account?
You can easily link your Aadhaar card with your EPF account by using the EPFO online facility.
Some agencies are not accepting e-Aadhaar. They insist on original Aadhaar. Why?
E-Aadhaar is perfectly valid document downloaded from official UIDAI website. If any agency does not accept e–Aadhaar, then Aadhaar card holder has the right to complain to the relevant department of the agency.
What is an e-Aadhaar card number?
E-Aadhaar card number is a unique 12 digit card number which is given to every resident of India after capturing their biometrics and demographics data. The number is used to efficiently deliver benefit schemes and services to the citizens of India.
How many numbers are there in an e-Aadhaar card?
E-Aadhaar has unique 12 numbers which is allocated to every individual after he/she goes through the enrolment process set up by UIDAI
How to check e-Aadhaar status card?
You can check the e-Aadhaar card status online on the official website of UIDAI by putting the details of the acknowledgement slip which will be the enrolment number and date/time of enrolment.