- About Coverfox
The National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) was launched on 12th April 2005, and inaugurated by the Hon’ble Prime Minister. It aims to ensure accessible, affordable and quality healthcare services to the rural population, especially the vulnerable groups. It is a subsidiary of the overarching National Health Mission (NHM). It has been especially implemented to provide equitable, affordable and quality healthcare to the rural population, especially the vulnerable groups.
NRHM focuses on offering fully functional, community-driven services to the Empowered Action Group (EAG) States as well as the states in the North East, Jammu and Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh. These services include healthcare, effective distribution of water, nutrition, sanitation, education, and social and gender equality. It serves as a boost to the fragmented health sector and drive outcomes, measured against Indian Public Health Standards for all healthcare amenities.
Below are the key features of National Rural Health Mission, which are a means to achieving its objectives:
Below are the aims and objectives of National Rural Health Mission:
Below are some of the initiatives undertaken by National Rural Health Mission (NRHM):
Below are the achievements against the targets up to the XIth Plan.
|Targets (2005-12)||Achievements (up to 2012)|
|IMR reduced to 30/1000 live births||IMR reduced from 58 in 2005 (SRS) to 42 in 2012 (SRS).|
|Maternal Mortality to reduce to 100/100,000 live births||MMR reduced from 254 in 2004-06 (SRS) to 178 in 2010-12 (SRS).|
|TFR reduced to 2.1||TFR reduced from 2.9 in 2005 (SRS) to 2.4 in 2012 (SRS).|
|Malaria Mortality reduction to 60%||70% Malaria mortality reduction- (Reduced from 1707 in 2006 to 519 in 2012).|
|Kala Azar Mortality reduction to 100%||85% Kala-azar mortality reduction- (Reduced from 187 in 2006 to 29 in 2012).|
|Filaria / Microfilaria Reduction Rate to 80%||60% Filaria/Microfilaria Reduction (Reduced from 1.02 in 2005 to 0.41 in 2012)|
|Dengue Mortality reduction by 50%||8% reduction- Dengue Mortality has reduced from 184 in 2006 to 169 in 2011.|
|Cataract operations- increasing to 46 lakhs per year||Cataract operations of more than 63.49 lakhs per year have been reported in 2012.|
|Leprosy Prevalence Rate reduction to less than 1 per 10,000||Leprosy Prevalence Rate reduced from 1.34 per 10,000 in 2005 to 0.68 per 10,000 in 2012.|
|Tuberculosis Control - over 70% case detection & 85% cure rate||Tuberculosis is having 71% case detection and 88% Cure rate in 2012.|
Below are the achievements against the targets during the XIIth Plan.
|Reduce IMR to 25/1000 live births||IMR reduced from 42 in 2012 (SRS) to 40 in 2013 (SRS).|
|Reduce MMR to 1/1000 live births||MMR has reduced to 167 in 2011-13 (SRS).|
|Reduce TFR to 2.1||TFR has reduced to 2.3 in 2013 (SRS).|
|Reduce annual incidence and mortality from Tuberculosis by half||Tuberculosis is having 171 incidence (per lakh population) and 19 mortality (per lakh population) in 2013.|
|Reduce prevalence of Leprosy to <1/10000 population and incidence to zero in all districts||Leprosy Prevalence Rate is less than 1 per 10,000 of the population|
|Annual Malaria Incidence to be <1/1000||Annual Malaria Incidence is less than 1 per 1000|
|Less than 1% microfilaria prevalence in all districts||Out of 255 districts, 222 have reported mf rate of less than 1%|
|Kala-azar elimination by 2015, <1 case per 10000 population in all blocks||Out of 611 block PHCs, 454 have reported < 1 case per 10000|
National Rural Health Mission has been a step in the right direction to make quality health services accessible to the rural Indian population. It is responsible for end-to-end healthcare services, right from planning and implementation to closely monitoring its initiatives. It integrates the rural communities in its core initiatives. Actively involving them enables NRHM to understand the health concerns better and customize the healthcare plans to suit the unique needs of the rural Indian population.