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PUC Certificate Law in India

What is the PUC Certificate? What importance does it hold for a person owning a vehicle? Learn every single details about the PUC Certificate Law in India.

Did you know what the legal mandatory requirements for your vehicle are? A valid driving license, a valid insurance coverage, Registration Certificate(RC) and of course, a PUC Certificate are the required documents, right?

While the first is very commonly known to vehicle owners, it is the last two which are either ignored, avoided or are unknown. While a compulsory insurance coverage is mandated by the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988; the PUC Certification, also compulsory, is mandated by the Central Motor Vehicle Rule, 1989. Do you understand what does the PUC Certificate entail and its requirements?

Let's take a look.

What is PUC?

PUC is an abbreviation of "Pollution Under Control". It is a certificate that is given to the vehicle after having passed a PUC test. The certificate vets that the emissions passed from the vehicles meets the pollution control standards. Under the Central Motor Vehicle Rule, 1989, a PUC certificate is a mandatory document requirement for a vehicle. Validity of PUC for new car is 1 year from the date of registration.

The PUC certificate must mention:

  • the certificate serial number
  • the vehicle license plate number
  • the date of testing
  • the expiry date
  • the emission readings

In a bid to further curb the pollution in the Delhi-NCR region, Supreme court of India has passed an order in August 2017 that for insurance renewal vehicle owners will have to mandatorily furnish PUC certificates.

Why is a PUC Certificate Required?

The emissions from the vehicles emit smoke which has the potential to pollute the environment if left unchecked. As such, there must be a norm to check the vehicle emission levels to determine how safe they are and whether they contribute to air pollution. As such, the rule for undergoing a specified PUC test and obtaining the PUC Certificate was mandated by the Central Motor Vehicle Rule, 1989.

How to Get PUC Certificate?

Pollution Under Control (PUC) is an authorized certification granted to vehicles that successfully pass the regulated PUC test. Since the validity of the PUC certificate is only for six months, every vehicle owner needs to get their vehicle tested twice in a year. To certify your vehicle, you can get it tested at most Petrol Pumps, who are authorized with specific testing devices and have trained employees for PUC testing only. There are other independent testing centers too that are permitted to conduct PUC tests and issue the certificate. The test checks the emission of % of CO and other Hydrocarbons in ppm against the permitted values.

Which Vehicles Require a PUC Certification?

Any vehicle which is operational on Indian roads is required to carry a valid PUC certification .

When is the PUC Certification Required?

When a new vehicle is purchased, a PUC Certificate is issued with the new vehicle which is valid for a period of 1 year. After that a new PUC Certificate would be required through PUC testing.

What is the Validity of a PUC Certificate?

The validity of the certificate is for six months after which a new certificate would be required. If there is any adverse reading in the PUC test, the validity requirement would be based on the readings of the PUC Test done.

What is the Cost of the PUC Test?

PUC tests are not expensive on the pockets. The rate of the test varied between Rs.60 and Rs.100 depending on the vehicle to be tested and the fuel type of the vehicle

What Information Does the Certificate Contain?

The basic information mentioned on the PUC Certificate would be the:

  • The serial number of the certificate
  • The license plate number of the vehicle tested
  • The date of test
  • The date of expiry of the Certificate
  • The test readings

What are the Test Limit Criteria?

The vehicles when tested should meet the following criteria:

Type of Vehicle% of COHydrocarbon measured in ppm
2 and 3 wheelers (2/4 - stroke) manufactured on or before 31st March 20004.59,000
2 and 3 wheelers (2 - stroke) manufactured after 31st March 20003.56,000
2 and 3 wheelers (4 - stroke) manufactured after 31st March 20003.54,500
4 wheelers manufactured according to Pre Bharat Stage II Norms31,500
4 wheelers manufactured according to Pre Bharat Stage II, Stage III or subsequent Norms0.5750

Where Can One Conduct a PUC Testing?

PUC testing is conducted at most Petrol Pumps if they are authorized to conduct such tests. Independent testing centers are also available which are permitted to conduct such tests and issue the required certificates.

Should You Carry the Certificate with You?

Just as a valid Driving License is required when you are driving a vehicle, the vehicle's PUC Certificate is also required and should be kept with the vehicle. These documents can be demanded anytime by policemen and should be shown to escape penalty. So, now you know what a PUC Certificate is and what it means. Ensure that your vehicle has a valid PUC Certificate and take the PUC test every time the certificate expires. It is mandatory, legal and would also save the environment which you live in!